Những lưu ý về đồ uống dành cho trẻ

Uống quá ít nước hoặc quá nhiều nước đều không có lợi cho cơ thể của trẻ. Đặc biệt với nhiều loại nước ngọt chứa những thành phần không rõ ràng có thể gây hại hoặc khiến trẻ bị nghiện.

Có nên thay đổi các loại sữa hay các loại thức uống?

Chúng ta cũng nên cho trẻ thử qua các loại thức uống khác nhau để xem trẻ thích hợp với loại thức uống nào. Hơn nữa, nếu không may loại thức uống này có vấn đề gì về sức khỏe thì khi sử dụng trong thời gian ngắn, cũng không ảnh hưởng lớn đến sức khỏe của trẻ.
Những lưu ý về đồ uống dành cho bé

Có nên cho trẻ uống nước suối thường xuyên?

Các chuyên gia cho rằng, phương pháp này không có tính khả thi. Đây là phương pháp mang tính mạo hiểm cao, bởi vì chức năng của dạ dày và khả năng thích ứng của cơ thể của trẻ vẫn chưa hoàn thiện.

Trong khi đó, nếu dùng loại nước suối chưa qua kiểm nghiệm vệ sinh, một khi hàm lượng các nguyên tố có hại vượt mức sẽ gây hại cho trẻ.
Nên cho trẻ uống nước đun sôi để nguội là an toàn nhất

Các chuyên gia nhấn mạnh, chỉ cần được đun sôi thì những vi khuẩn trong nước sẽ bị tiêu diệt, đáp ứng nhu cầu nước sạch và an toàn cho cả người lớn và trẻ nhỏ.

Ngoài ra, khi pha sữa bột nên dùng nước đun sôi và để ra ngoài một thời gian đến khi nước ấm là tốt nhất.
Nên cho trẻ uống nước theo nhu cầu

Uống nước không cần phải tuân thủ theo thời gian biểu cứng nhắc, đặc biệt đối với trẻ em, nguyên tắc chính là trẻ muốn uống lúc nào thì cho trẻ uống, nếu trẻ chưa khát cũng không nên ép trẻ uống.
Tình trạng thiếu nước kéo dài có tác hại thế nào đối với sức khỏe của trẻ?

Cung cấp không đủ nước cho trẻ trong thời gian dài sẽ tạo thành thói quen lười uống nước ở trẻ, điều này thật không tốt đối với sức khỏe của trẻ. Nếu trẻ có thói quen rất ít uống nước làm cho lượng máu lưu thông đến thận không đủ, gây ra tình trạng tiểu gắt hay không đi tiểu, từ đó gây tác hại đến chức năng thận.
Uống nước quá nhiều gây hại gì đối với sức khỏe trẻ?

Bất luận là người lớn hay trẻ em, nếu uống quá nhiều nước cũng không tốt chút nào. Thông thường, lượng nước cung cấp cho trẻ nên căn cứ vào thể trọng của trẻ. Trẻ được 4kg thì mỗi ngày lượng nước cho trẻ khoảng 800ml và lượng nước này bao gồm cả nước có trong sữa mẹ hoặc nước trong sữa bột khi pha cho trẻ.
Khi trẻ bị ra nhiều mồ hôi có cần cho trẻ uống nước muối pha loãng?

Trong thực đơn ăn uống của chúng ta đã cung cấp đầy đủ lượng muối cho cơ thể, không cần đặc biệt bổ sung thêm. Tuy đặc thù cơ thể của trẻ rất dễ ra mồ hôi hơn người lớn nhưng chỉ cần cho trẻ uống nước là được, bởi vì chỉ sợ cho trẻ uống nước pha muối làm cho dạ dày trẻ khó thích ứng và sẽ gây tác dụng ngược.
Không nên dùng nước ngọt thường xuyên để giải khát cho trẻ

Trong nước ngọt, có 98% là nước, còn lại là các thành phần nguyên tố được bổ sung vào để làm tăng khẩu vị.

Đặc biệt trẻ em rất thích các loại nước này, nếu không may gặp phải những loại nước uống không nguồn gốc rõ ràng, trong đó có chứa nhiều nguyên tố có hại sẽ ảnh hưởng không nhỏ đối với sức khỏe của trẻ.

Những lưu ý về đồ uống dành cho bé

Các chuyên gia còn nhấn mạnh, không nên cho trẻ uống thường xuyên các loại nước ngọt vì sẽ dễ dẫn đến gây nghiện ở trẻ.
Uống nước sao cho an toàn
Uống nước ấm là tốt nhất

Uống nước cũng cần chú ý đến nhiệt độ của nước, mùa hè không nên uống nước quá lạnh, mùa đông không nên uống nước quá nóng.

Bất luận lúc nào thì nước ấm vẫn rất tốt, bởi vì dù nhiệt độ bên ngoài có thay đổi như thế nào nhưng dạ dày chúng ta chỉ thích ứng với một nhiệt độ nhất định.

Đặc biệt đối với trẻ, dạ dày của trẻ vẫn chưa phát triển hoàn chỉnh như người lớn. Khi cho trẻ uống nước quá lạnh hoặc quá nóng không tốt cho khả năng thích ứng của trẻ, nước quá lạnh sẽ gây hiện tượng co thắt ruột làm trẻ bị đau bụng.
Bổ sung nước khi ở trong phòng máy lạnh

Trong phòng máy lạnh rất khô. Tuy không bị đổ mồ hôi nhưng sẽ bị thiếu nước nghiêm trọng, đặc biệt nghiêm trọng hơn đới với trẻ.

So với người trưởng thành, bề mặt da của trẻ có diện tích lớn hơn, nước trong cơ thể dễ bốc hơi qua da, lượng nước này còn nhiều hơn so với khi bị đổ mồ hôi.

Thường thường qua một đêm ở phòng lạnh thì trẻ sẽ tiêu hao khoảng 100ml nước, môi bị khô và lúc đó cần bổ sung nước kịp thời, tốt nhất nên đảm bảo nhiệt độ trong phòng lạnh ở một nhiệt độ bảo hòa.
Uống trà giải nhiệt

Đôi khi trẻ có thể uống trà như uống nước và có thêm vào một số thành phần thuốc Đông y không có chứa các nguyên tố có hại. Từ đó giúp trẻ thông tiện, giải nhiệt… và không ảnh hưởng gì nhiều đến dạ dày.
Làm gì khi trẻ bị táo bón, đặc biệt là trẻ nhỏ

Khi pha sữa phải pha đúng lượng nước mà nhà sản xuất đã hướng dẫn, không tự ý pha sữa đặc hơn hay là loãng đi. Người mẹ nên truyền đạt và chỉ dẫn kỹ lưỡng cho người chăm sóc trẻ.

Đối với trẻ còn đang bú mẹ thì người mẹ phải theo dõi phân của bé và số lần đi tiêu để thay đổi chế độ ăn uống của mình, ăn nhiều rau quả có tính nhuận tràng và quan trọng người mẹ cho con bú cũng phải được cung cấp đầy đủ rau xanh, trái cây, uống nhiều nước và có chế độ dinh dưỡng tốt.

Không nên uống các loại thức uống khác, chúng có tác hại không nhỏ đối với sức khỏe của trẻ.

Nguồn: SK&ĐS

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